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EICRs For Rental Properties And HMO's
Under the Landlords and Tenants act 1985, landlords must ensure that the electrical inspection in their rented property is safe when tenants move in and throughout their tenancy; this is achieved through an Electrical Installation Condition Reports, sometimes referred to as periodic inspections, electrical safety certificates, landlord safety tests or homebuyers tests.
During an EICR, the consumer unit (or fuse board), wiring and electrical accessories of a property are tested and inspected for faults or deviations from the Wiring Standards.
Recommended Frequencies Of EICRs For Landlords And Letting Agencies
In a House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) such as a student house, it is a legal requirement to have an EICR carried out at least once every 5 years. In a buy to let rental property, an EICR should be carried out at least once every five years or at a change of tenancy in order to keep your tenants safe and keep yourself compliant.
Fire And Carbon Monoxide Alarms
As of 1st October 2015, new legislation for private landlords in England requires them to:
- Fit a smoke alarm on every story of their residence
- Fit a carbon monoxide alarm in every room with a solid fuel-burning appliance (this includes open fires even if they are not often used)
- Ensure these alarms are tested and working before the start of each tenancy
Should I have my property inspected ?
As a general rule, landlords are expected to provide a safe property at the start and throughout their tenancy. This includes making sure the wiring, fuse boxes, etc are not dangerous. As such, for all landlords, regular visual inspection of the property to identify any potential issues with the electrical system is always a good idea.
If they fail to do this, and a problem arises in the property, then landlords may be considered negligent if the tenants are harmed or suffer damage to their own goods.
Dangerous electrics can contribute to a serious risk of fire, extreme cold, and insufficient lighting. As such, landlords who do not check the property may face enforcement action such as an improvement notice under the Housing Health & Safety Rating System, endangering their section 21 notice.
In addition, from March 20th 2019, if the property becomes uninhabitable or is rented in a state considered unfit for human habitation then the landlord may be sued for breach of contract by their tenants.
I understand it is a good idea to do so, but am I legally required to inspect the property on a regular basis?
If your property is a house in multiple occupations (HMO) then it is a legal requirement to have an electrical safety inspection performed at intervals of no more than 5 years. This check must be performed by a competent person.
What is a competent person?
A competent person should be someone suitably qualified to perform electrical inspections. An electrician accredited via Napit’s Electrical Inspector Scheme, for example, would be suitably qualified.
Will I need to do anything after the inspection of my HMO?
Retain the Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) you are provided with by your competent person.
If your local authority requests a copy you must provide it to them within 7 days.
What are the penalties for not doing this?
The requirement says for a house of multiple occupation is inspect every five years and provide a copy of the EICR on request if this cant be done its a breach of the HMO management regulations. Each breach can lead to a Civel Penaly up to £30.000.
What Are My Responsibilities ?
- The electrical installation in your rented property is safe when tenants move in and remain in a safe condition throughout the duration of the tenancy.
- Any appliance provided to tenants is safe and has the CE marking, this is the manufacturers claim that it meets requirements of European Law.
- A House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) has an Electrical Condition Report carried out every five years by a qualified electrician. An HMO is a residence where a property is occupied by three or more people who form more than two households, this includes shared houses, flats and houses rented by students.
Government announce mandatory electrical safety checks 2020
Fixed Price (EICR)
Landlords Agents Property Owners
Inspection & Testing same day Certification 4G Service
Electrical safety inspections for rental properties, as of January 2020 the government have announced there will be a phased introduction electrical inspections aimed at the letting market starting on 1st June 2020 and all properties April 2021